Stinky breath may not seem to be a big deal in young children, and it often isn’t. However, it may be a warning system that something is happening that should be addressed. There is a reason if your young one has breath that will blow you away! We will discuss what may be the culprit in making your child's breath unpleasant and also ways to prevent halitosis, which is the medical term for this issue.

Halitosis Causes

Many factors may contribute to a child's bad breath. When awakening in the morning, it is common that their breath may not smell good. When they eat foods that have onions, garlic, or other strong ingredients, or if they have a cold, they may have bad breath. These causes are not uncommon and usually are only temporary. But, if you frequently notice that your child has bad breath, it may be due to a condition that needs intervention. 

Halitosis may be a warning sign that some other condition is going on. It can be a symptom of many different things. First, we must identify the problem and find the root cause. 

  • Poor dental hygiene – When your child does not make oral hygiene a daily ritual, their mouth can have harmful bacteria multiplying out of control, and decaying food particles in the teeth and on the tongue won’t smell good, either. Brushing twice and flossing once daily, along with regular six-month appointments for professional cleanings and assessments, is a routine that is crucial to their oral health. Otherwise, dental caries may form and cause odor due to decay. It is imperative that children wearing braces clean around their brackets, wires, and bands after every meal. 
  • Gum disease – When plaque builds up on your child's teeth that is not removed with brushing and flossing, gingivitis can happen. This inflammation of the gums causes them to swell, become red, and sometimes bleed. If gingivitis isn't treated, periodontitis can occur. Periodontitis damages the gum and can even lead to tooth and bone loss around the teeth.
  • Dry mouth – When there is not enough moisture in your child's mouth, either because your child is not drinking enough fluids or not producing saliva, their mouth can become dry. Saliva washes the mouth, and if it is not there, it can lead to halitosis. Your child's mouth breathing can cause a dry mouth. They may do this when their nose is stuffy, or it may be just a habit. It would be best if you discussed habitual mouth breathing with their pediatrician so they can rule out an obstruction in their airways. Other causes of dry mouth are smoking (more often in adults) and some medications. 
  • Congestion or infection in the mouth, nose, throat, or lungs – Infection can cause your child's breath to smell icky. Sinusitis is a common reason for bad breath. When your little one's sinuses are full or infection has set in, the mucus produced can give off quite a foul odor. Infection of the tonsils is called tonsillitis and is due to a virus or bacteria accumulation. This illness usually occurs only in those over two years of age (2). The bad breath will usually go away when the congestion or infection does.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) – This is a condition you may see in your child where the stomach fluids or the acids produced from digestion travel back into the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach). These fluids break down the food in the stomach, so the fluids may not smell good. Burping may have the same type of odor.
  • Tonsil stones – Your child's tonsils are at the back of the mouth and have folds where food can get trapped. These food particles can harden into calcium deposits called tonsil stones that have an unpleasant odor. 

 

Prevention

No matter how old your child is or what condition their mouth is in, it is never too late to begin taking steps to create the healthiest mouth possible. Here are some tips you can implement to help your child prevent or eliminate bad breath:

Good Oral Hygiene is one of the most important aspects of preventing or treating bad breath. Children and Teenagers should:

  • Brush twice daily with a soft-bristled brush and fluoride toothpaste. Brush your tongue as well because bacteria can build up there.
  • Floss at least once daily.
  • For children under three, the ADA recommends that parents use only a tiny amount of toothpaste, much like the size of a grain of rice.
  • After three years of age, a pea-sized amount of toothpaste should be used.
  • An adult should supervise young children to ensure they are brushing correctly and spitting out the toothpaste after brushing. 
  • Visit the dentist every six months.

It is never too early to begin healthy oral hygiene routines to prevent future problems! Help your babies by:

  • Starting with good oral hygiene before their first tooth appears. 
  • Clean their gums with a soft, clean cloth and water daily.
  • Schedule a dental check-up soon after their first tooth breaks through. The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends that they see the dentist no later than their first birthday.
  • After the first appointment, schedule visits every six months. 

 

There are additional methods to prevent bad breath and ensure your children have a healthy mouth. It is helpful to eat a balanced diet and limit their consumption of sugary foods and drinks that may cause more bacteria in the mouth, which leads to increased plaque and a greater risk of tooth decay (4).  

Encourage them to drink plenty of water to keep their mouths moist and rinse away food particles and bacteria. 

Chewing crunchy fruits and vegetables at the end of meals may help remove food particles, making bacteria less likely to stick to the teeth. 

 

How Can We Help?

At Jungle Roots Dentistry, we focus on children. Children's dental health is our specialty, and we can help you identify and treat the reason for your child's bad breath. Their dental concerns are ours, and the number one priority is to minimize those concerns. Halitosis that doesn’t go away is a problem. Of course, prevention is the first step, and we want to assure you that we will do everything possible, with your attention and assistance, to keep your child’s mouth healthy. If bad breath becomes an issue, we will guide you through other steps to minimize or eliminate unpleasant odors from their mouth. We are privileged to be your child’s Dental Home. Call us today for an appointment!

 

References:

  1. Bawazir O. A. (2021). Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Management of Halitosis in Children: A Comprehensive Review. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice22(8), 959–963. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34753852/
  2. Bad Breath (Halitosis). Cleveland Clinic. Last reviewed July 18, 2022. Accessed October 11, 2022. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/symptoms/17771-bad-breath-halitosis
  3. Bad Breath. Raising Children.net.au. Last reviewed June 5, 2019. Accessed October 11, 2022. https://raisingchildren.net.au/guides/a-z-health-reference/bad-breath#:~:text=for%20bad%20breath-,Good%20dental%20hygiene%20is%20the%20best%20way%20to%20prevent%20bad,drinks%20like%20coke%20and%20coffee
  4. Causes of Bad Breath in Children. Medical News Today. Last reviewed March 9, 2022. Accessed October 11, 2022. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/bad-breath-in-kids

 

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The holidays are upon us once again here in Phoenix, bringing with them the usual array of festivals, performances, and other activities–plus some fun new options– to get all ages into the holiday spirit. This year we’ve combed through what’s available and selected a list of our favorites for you. So take a peek, make your choices, and let us know how you like them!

World of Illumination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening November 16th, World of Illumination lights up two world-class drive-through animated light shows for Phoenicians to enjoy–one in Tempe and one in Glendale. Said to be the largest animated light show on the globe, each WOI display stretches out for a mile and is equipped with over 2 million dazzling lights. 

WOI locations are open 7 days a week, regardless of the weather. 

Please observe that park traffic must flow in only one direction.

 

Tempe Location:  Enchanted Safari at Tempe Diablo Stadium, 2200 W. Alameda Dr., Tempe 

Glendale Location: Candy Rush at Desert Diamond Casino, 6751 N. Sunset Blvd., Glendale

Website: https://www.worldofillumination.com/

Dates: November 16th - January 1st

Prices: Depending on when you go, prices range between $31.99 and $49. 

Prices may fluctuate, so check here before you plan your trip.

 

You must buy your tickets online ahead of time, as no tickets are sold at the admission gate. 

Note: Ticket prices are per car, not per person, so you can bring as many riders in your vehicle as you wish. (But please do keep safety in mind!) One Mom rents a 15-passenger van for her family and another family to ride through together, and she says the kids love it! (Do keep in mind that the World of Illumination website says no buses, limos, or RVs, however.)

Twas the Night Before…by Cirque du Soleil

This show, Cirque du Soleil’s very first holiday production, promises an exciting modern twist on the classic Christmas story, sure to captivate the whole family. Through Cirque du Soleil’s outstanding acrobatics, jugglers, and interesting clowns, the tale unfolds around the discouraged Isabella, who learns about kindness, friendship, and the magic of Christmas.

Cirque du Soleil is a non-traditional circus that does not feature animals. 

The performance has no intermission and is approximately one hour and 20 minutes long.

Still not sure exactly what to expect from Cirque du Soleil? Here’s a video of some highlights you can preview to help you decide on attending.

Location: Performance will be held at the Arizona Financial Theatre at 400 W. Washington St., Phoenix

Website: https://www.cirquedusoleil.com/usa/phoenix/twas-the-night-before/buy-tickets

Dates: December 16th - December 24th

Prices: Depending upon the date and time of your attendance, ticket prices can range from $45 to $80. Check your calendar and find dates/tickets here. You can also order tickets by phone at 1-844-765-8432.

If you’ve got a large group, you can save 15% off 10 tickets or more.

The Brightest Star: A Celebration of Christmas

A stunning arrangement of music (there’s a full, live orchestra), dance, acrobatics, aerial entertainment, and a remarkable final procession to the nativity, this musical theater performance features more than 175 different character roles. This performance focuses on the quest for purpose and the beauty of New York City at Christmastime. 

 

Location: Dream City Church, Phoenix Campus

13613 N. Cave Creek Rd. Phoenix

Website: https://dreamcitychurch.us/calendar/celebration-of-christmas/

Dates: December 8th - 18th

Prices: Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday tickets are:

Tier A: $27

Tier B: $18

Tier C: $10

 

Saturday and Sunday tickets are:

Tier A: $35

Tier B: $26

Tier C: $15

 

In addition to purchased seating, there are also limited free seats available for each performance–but they go fast. It is recommended that guests arrive approximately an hour before each performance to secure their seats.

Las Noches de las Luminarias at the Desert Botanical Gardens

For 21 days at the end of the year, The Desert Botanical Garden transforms into Los Noches de Las Luminarias, or The Nights of Luminaries. With more than 8,000 candlelit luminarias placed along the trails of the garden, the event also features beautifully strung holiday lights, sculptures, hot beverages, and live entertainment such as reggae, mariachi, and choir singing. Since it’s held at night, telescopes are also provided for looking at the stars. 

 

On December 18th, the Garden honors the Mexican tradition of La Posada with pinatas, food and beverages, singing, and other activities. These festivities are all included with a Luminaria ticket on the night of December 18th.

 

Location:

Desert Botanical Garden

1201 N. Galvin Parkway

Phoenix

 

Website: https://dbg.org/events/las-noches-de-las-luminarias-2/2022-12-01/

Dates: Members Only Weekend: December 1st-4th

Additional dates: December 9th-11th, 15th-18th, 20th-23rd, 26th-31st

The hour for this event are from 5:30 pm until 9:30 pm

 

Prices:

Member Adult Tickets: $34.95

Member Child Tickets: $14.95 (ages 3 - 17)

General Public Adult Tickets: $39.95

General Public Child Tickets: $16.95

Children ages 2 and younger are admitted free of charge

 

Merry Main Street

Starting November 25th at 5 p.m., the annual festivities of Merry Main Street in downtown Mesa will kick off with a tree lighting followed by live holiday music, vendors, and the opening of the Winter Wonderland Ice Rink. The tree lighting festivities will take place at the Mesa Christmas Tree, 1 N. MacDonald in Mesa from 5 pm until 10 pm. 

 

From then on, the ice rink will once again be open for skating, and the Merry Main Street calendar will be jam-packed with activities until December 31st. The impressive 40-ft. Mesa Temple Christmas Lights will be on display in the evenings, Mesa’s Menorah will be lit each night of Hanukkah, the Illusionists bring a bit of holiday magic to Mesa Arts Center, and Jack Frost’s Food Truck Forest will be serving up delicious holiday treats, for just a few examples. And as always, there will be visits with Santa, too!

 

Location: Downtown Mesa

Website: https://merrymainst.com/

Dates: November 25th through December 31st

Prices: Events vary in price, and some are free. Check the Merry Main Street Calendar to find prices for your activities.

The Nutcracker Ballet

The talented dancers of Ballet Arizona take the stage at Symphony Hall for another enchanting performance of The Nutcracker this holiday season. The ballet’s traditional music of Tchaikovsky is played live by The Phoenix Symphony while 150 performers charm the audience through all the classic scenes of this holiday favorite. 

 

Location: Performances take place at Phoenix Symphony Hall, 225 East Adams Street, Phoenix

Website: https://balletaz.org/performance/the-nutcracker-2022/

Dates: December 9th through December 24th

Prices: Ticket prices vary substantially depending upon the date and seating location in the venue. Check Ballet Arizona’s site to choose your date and seat location to purchase your tickets, or call the Box Office at 602-381-1096.

 

Zoo Lights at the Phoenix Zoo

This year’s display is said to be an even larger and more improved version of years past, so if you enjoyed Zoo Lights before, you’re sure to love it now!  A Phoenix holiday favorite, guests can drive (or walk!) through an illuminated Phoenix Zoo, complete with animal sculptures, music-in-motion displays, a 3-story decorated Christmas tree, artist performances, photos with Santa (this year there’s an enhanced Santa visit), a Wildlife Lantern Safari, a theater with 4D, and more–as well as plenty of holiday treats like hot cocoa and kettle corn and free admission to Dinosaurs in the Desert with every ticket purchased. 

 

*There are also Sensory Friendly ZooLight experiences (with modifications to lighting, music, crowd sizes, etc) available on November 9th and January 9th. 

Location: 455 N. Galvin Pkwy, Phoenix

Website: https://www.phoenixzoo.org/events/zoolights/

Dates: November 23rd, 2022, through January 15th, 2023 (Member previews will be available November 21st and 22nd). Hours of Operation: 5:30-10:30 p.m.

Prices:

Tickets purchased online: $30 General Admission, $25 Members

Tickets purchased at Gate: $35 General, $30 Members

Bulk tickets are available for 50 guests or more

Children younger than age 2 visit free

Purchase tickets here. For help with tickets, contact the Zoo’s Call Center at 602-914-4333 or e-mail [email protected]

Christmas at Schnepf Farm

A great spot for families with littles, Schnepf Farms has been transforming its 250 acres into a Christmas Wonderland every year since 2019. Working as partners with World of Illumination, the farm offers everything from a visit to Santa’s magic workshop to a round of snow globe glow-in-the-dark mini-golf to cookie and pine cone decorating, a ride on the Illumination Express (featuring a million+ lights synchronized to classic Christmas music), holiday shopping, a hayride to Santa’s reindeer, and much more. Toddlers have their own bouncy house, and the largest inflatable obstacle course in the world is located on the grounds to boot

 

Location: 24810 E. Rittenhouse, Queen Creek, AZ 85142

Website: https://schnepfchristmas.com/

Dates: November 25-27, December 1-4, December 8-11, December 15th-24 

All dates’ hours are from 5 pm until 10 pm

 

Prices:

Choose the date of your visit here for a list of prices and options on that day. 

General Admission is $22.95.

You can also rent private campfires equipped with s’mores kits, etc., for the night for $100.

Christmas at the Princess

If your family would enjoy a bit of Christmas at a 65-acre luxury resort, make a note to stop by Christmas at the Princess this holiday season. The Fairmont Scottsdale Princess resort invites the public to their annual holiday event, which includes everything from lit-up lagoons (with swans, mermaids, and pirates) to a 6,000 square foot ice skating rink to visits with Santa and Mrs. Claus, rides on the Princess Express trains, music and light shows, marshmallow roasting, s’mores making, and so much more

 

Location: Fairmont Scottsdale Princess Resort, 7575 East Princess Drive, Scottsdale

Website: https://www.scottsdaleprincess.com/events-scottsdale/christmas-at-the-princess

Dates: November 18th, 2022 through January 3rd, 2023

Prices:

General Admission with no parking: $20 per ticket

Self-Parking for 1 Vehicle with Wrist Bands for up to 4 people: $80

(Valet Parking options are Sold Out)

Note that some activities have a range of separate fees from your General Admission ticket purchase: For Ice Passes, Photos with Santa, and other activities, check The Princess’ site for details and pricing 

 

Holiday Family Jubilee Outdoor Movie Night: Frozen

 

Ideal for ages 3 and up, Phoenix’s Deer Valley Community Center celebrates the holiday season with their Holiday Family Jubilee Outdoor Movie Night on Saturday, December 10th. Bring your blankets, lawn chairs, and the whole family to enjoy the movie ‘Frozen’ while sipping hot cocoa, nibbling candy canes, munching popcorn, and creating holiday cookies and crafts. There will also be singing (practice up on your Frozen song lyrics!) and even a chance to get your picture taken with Santa. 

 

*If you love holiday movies in the park and can’t make this one, check out PJs in the Park for a December 4th showing of Frosty the Snowman and the Grinch at Civic Space Park.

 

Location: Deer Valley Community Center, 2001 West Valhalla Lane, Phoenix

Website: https://www.phoenix.gov/calendar/parks/4418

Dates: Saturday, December 10th, 6 pm to 8 pm

Prices: $20 per family, up to 6 people. Registration is required. 

Register your family here.

 

Old Town Holiday Festival at Peoria 

This December, the City of Peoria holds its traditional Old Town Holiday Festival and Street Market in Old Town Peoria. The festivities include horse-drawn carriage and wagon rides, roaming high school choirs, local vendors and food trucks, live entertainment, a stunning Gingerbread house display, and Santa himself. Don’t miss the tree lighting ceremony at 7:15 pm! 

Note: Peoria is having its Annual Gingerbread House Competition from December 1st through 7th, with judging on December 8th and the winners expected to be on display at the Old Town Festival on December 10th. For more info, contact Peoria Community Center

 

Location: Downtown Peoria, south of Peoria and Grand Avenues, including Peoria Center for the Performing Arts and Osuna Memorial Park

Website: https://www.peoriaaz.gov/government/departments/arts-culture/special-events/old-town-holiday-festival

Dates: December 10th, 5 - 9 pm

Prices: Parking and admission are free

 

Christmas in the Park

Every year, Litchfield Park prepares its annual Christmas in the Park event for the community (and surrounding communities) to enjoy on the second Saturday of each December – which falls on December 10th this year. This free event features a parade to kick things off, numerous children’s activities, a Holiday Market spread out on the Library Lawn, live entertainment, ice skating, inflatables, food and craft vendors, a petting zoo, photo ops with Santa Claus, and more. 

 

Location: Litchfield Park, 100 Old Litchfield Road, Litchfield-Park, AZ

Website: https://www.wigwamarizona.com/events/litchfield-park/christmas-in-the-park-1

Dates: December 10th, 9 am to 5 pm

Prices: Free and open to the public

Menorah Lighting at Westgate

Once again this year, a Grand Menorah Lighting will take place at Westgate Entertainment District on December 2nd from 6 pm to 7 pm. After the Menorah Lighting, guests can enjoy family-friendly games and activities as well as raffle prizes and live entertainment. The event will be hosted by Chabad of the West Valley.

Location: Westgate Entertainment District, 6751 N. Sunset Blvd., Glendale

Website: https://westgateaz.com/event/menorah-lighting/

Dates: December 2nd, 6 pm to 7 pm 

Prices: Free of charge

APS Electric Light Parade

The APS Electric Parade comes to Downtown Phoenix once again this year on Saturday, December 3rd, at 7 pm. With a history of dazzling the streets of downtown for over 30 years, the parade features all the expected floats and bands as well as activity areas honoring international holiday traditions, food vendors, face painting, arts, crafts, games, and pics with Santa at the parade’s end. 

 

The City of Phoenix recommends taking the Valley Metro Light Rail to the event if possible to cut down on traffic. Lots of folks start showing up several hours ahead of time, and the crowds get bigger every year. Bring your own chairs and blankets for seating, and remember that spots along the parade route are first-come, first-served. Feel free to bring a cooler, but alcohol and glass containers are not allowed.

 

Location: The parade begins at the intersection of Central and Montebello Avenues at 7 pm and continues through Downtown Phoenix, finishing at Indian School Road and 7th Street.

Website:  https://www.phoenix.gov/parks/elp

Dates: December 3rd, 2022, rain or shine

Prices: Free

 

CityScape Holiday Ice Rink

If your family loves to ice skate under the stars, Phoenix’s CitySkate opens November 28th for four 90-minute skate sessions every night through New Year’s Day. 7,000 square feet of outdoor ice is offered to skaters, as well as skate rentals, plus a huge holiday tree with hourly light shows, music, and the usual shops, nightlife, and eateries of CityScape. CitySkate is managed by American Outdoor Skating Centers, LLC.

 

Guests can also shop and snack while waiting or after their skating session ends.

 

Double check hours, parking availability, and Uber/Lyft dropoff info here.

Location: 11 E. Washington St. at Patriot’s Park next to Urban Outfitters in central CityScape of Downtown Phoenix

Website: https://www.reddevelopment.com/cityskate/

Dates: November 28th through January 1st 

Prices: Tickets are sold at the door for each skate session, which are divided into four 90 minute sessions beginning at 4:00 pm and ending at 11:30 pm. There is often a line for both skating and skate rentals (and your skate size is not guaranteed to be available at all times), so plan on arriving as early as you can. 

 

General Admission: $20 per person

Children ages 8 and younger: $13 per child

Kids 3 and younger are free

Military ($13 each), seniors ($13 each), and students ($15 each) receive discounts with proper ID. 

You get $5 off when you bring your own skates.

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When you think about Antarctica, what comes to mind? A cold, vast continent covered in ice? Eternal days of sunlight during the summer and endless dark nights of winter? 

And what about the animals that call Antarctica home? Your first thoughts are probably seals and penguins, right? 

In both cases, you would be partially right and partially wrong. While Antarctica does have long days of daylight and nighttime at the extreme ends of the calendar, and most of the continent is covered in ice year-round, there’s actually quite a bit of diversity in the continent’s climate. Did you know, for example, that parts of Antarctica are some of the highest, or windiest, or driest places on earth? 

And when it comes to animals, the common ones you thought about don’t actually live in Antarctica but are rather temporary visitors. While there are a few large, common creatures that live there full-time, like the Emperor Penguin, the majority of the true, full-time inhabitants of the frozen continent are much smaller than you think. (Hint: you better bring your microscope!)

Let’s explore some of the amazing animals, both big and small, that call Antarctica home.

 

Albatross

The Wandering Albatross has the largest wingspan of any modern bird, which allows them to stay in the air for hours at a time. They love to fly way out into the deep ocean waters around Antarctica to feed on cephalopods, crustaceans, and small fish. Sometimes they eat too much and have to float on the water until they digest their food and are able to fly again! 

Emperor Penguin

Emperor Penguins are the tallest and heaviest of all penguin species.  Like all penguins, they aren’t able to fly. They have wings flattened into flippers that are ideal for swimming. Their diet consists mainly of fish, but also includes krill and squid. Typical life spans are twenty years, but some have been known to live to fifty years old!

 

 

King Penguin

As the second largest species of penguin, they are smaller, but somewhat similar in appearance to the Emperor Penguin. They eat mainly lantern fish, squid, and krill. Predators of the King Penguin include skuas, leopard seals, and orcas.

Hoff Crab

A species of deep-sea lobster, the Hoff Crab lives on hydrothermal vents near Antarctica. These vents emit fluids at temperatures greater than 660 degrees Fahrenheit – wow, that is hot! This creature has adapted to the crushing pressure and extreme darkness of its environment. And yes, it’s named after the famous actor of Baywatch, David Hasselhoff!

 

Leopard Seal

This is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic. The adult male can weigh up to 780 pounds, and the only natural predator it has is the orca. It’s an opportunistic eater, feeding on a wide range of prey, including krill, birds, fish, and penguins.

 

Snow Petrels

An all white, small marine bird with dark eyes, the Snow Petrel also has a small black bill and bluish-grey feet. They are restricted to cold, Antarctic waters, and are only one of three known bird species to nest on Antarctica. They prefer to nest in large colonies on cliffs near the sea. They consume mainly fish, squid, and the carcasses of dead whales and other marine animals.

Icefish

The frigid waters near Antarctica are home to an unusual family of fish known collectively as the Icefish. They have translucent blood, white hearts, and have adapted as the only vertebrae to live without red blood cells, relying instead on copper compounds that function better at low temperatures. They are also known as alligator icefish because of their resemblance to alligators.

 

Sea Spider

Although not a true spider, it definitely looks like one! Part of the crab family, this creature has long legs in contrast to a small body size. Most have eight legs, although some can have ten. A system called proboscis allows them to suck nutrients from soft-bodied invertebrates.  They live in many parts of the world, mostly in shallow waters, but can be found as low as 23,000 feet. They thrive in the cold waters of the Antarctic.

Glass Sponge

Now talk about a cool-looking creature! These are sponges with fused silica (glass-like) skeletons. Experts believe they are the longest living animals on earth, with a maximum life span of up to 15,000 years.  

Glass sponges are found in all oceans of the world, although they are particularly common in Antarctica.  They range in size from 4-12 inches. Some species are capable of fusing together to create reefs.

Orca Whale

One of the coolest and most fascinating creatures on earth is the Orca whale. Beautiful, intelligent, and ruthless killers (their nickname is the Killer Whale), Orcas are probably the most famous whales in the world. While they don’t live full-time in the waters off Antarctica, they do spend a lot of time there. Their favorite food is seals, but they definitely don’t mind the occasional penguin from time to time. Their high intelligence allows them to coordinate hunting attacks, making them very effective in being able to catch their prey.

 

The Amazing World of Antarctica’s Tiny Creatures

 

So now that we’ve learned about some of the large creatures you can find on Antarctica and its surrounding waters, let’s take a microscopic deep-dive to discover some amazing tiny critters that call Antarctica home.

Tardigrade

Can you even believe this creature is real? They are really tiny, measuring 1mm in length, and have been found to live in almost every habitat on earth, including Antarctica. These tiny little creatures are known to survive in extreme temperatures, both cold and hot, and have even been tested to survive in outer space! The reason they are so tough is that they have a unique protein in their bodies called Dsup—short for "damage suppressor"—that protects their DNA.

 

Antarctic Krill

The Antarctic Krill’s tiny size belies its importance in the global food chain – they are the most common food for almost every sea creature that exists. From small fish to giant whales, krill are the basic nutrients consumed that drive the cycle of life in the world’s oceans. Even though the individual krill is tiny, it is estimated that their collective biomass – the total weight of all the krill in the world – is more than any other species in the world!

Antarctic Midge

This wingless creepy crawler is only 6mm in length, but it’s considered the largest land creature that lives full-time in Antarctica. It’s also the only insect that lives on Antarctica. They’re able to survive the frigid cold temperatures by literally freezing themselves! To prevent damaging their internal tissue, they lose close to 70% of their body fluids. Once they are frozen, they spend about six months in a state known as “diapause,” where they don’t move, eat, or do anything at all. 

 

Which Antarctic creature is your favorite? Would you ever want to live in such crazy cold conditions? Let us know the next time you come in for a dental check-up!

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There’s no shortage of different kinds of funny things on the internet. Videos, written stories, comics, you name it. But some of the most popular formats of these funny things come in the form of gifs and memes. Read on to see some that will (hopefully!) make you laugh.

What’s a Meme? 

A meme is an idea or behavior expressed through a picture or short video that’s shared via social media platforms. A GIF (pronounced “jiff”) is a type of meme and is simply an animated or static picture message that is sometimes accentuated by a short phrase or word. Think of it as a modern version of the old school flip book.

Memes and GIFs have become so popular because they are very effective at communicating a message quickly. As the saying goes, a picture can say more than a thousand words, and Memes have brought that saying to life in the age of the internet!

There are literally millions of GIFs and memes out on the internet, and we’ve compiled some of the best out there. And at the end of the article, you’ll find a link that will help you create your own GIF!

Kid-Related GIFs

One of the original GIFs to go viral was the dancing baby. First published in 1996, this crazy creepy dancer took the internet and the world by storm, appearing not only online, but in commercials and TV shows. 

Since then there have been several variations of the dancing baby, like the E-trade baby and Evian’s Spiderman Baby.  It’s safe to say that this original dancing baby GIF is the daddy of all baby-related GIF’s since.

You can see the whole progression and history of the dancing baby here

 

Success Kid, also known as Fist-Pump Baby, has helped on many occasions to make the point when a challenge or obstacle was presented and was successfully overcome. 

This little dude has emphasized points that were serious and consequential as well as humorous and light.

 

The mischievous smirk on the little girl implies that she might have something to do with the burning house behind her. Definitely appropriate to use this GIF if you’re behind some mischief but don’t want to come out explicitly and admit that you did it. Could she have done it? Did you do it? No one will ever know…

 

The wise, warrior baby with a killer goatee and straw hat to match!

You see, it’s all about teamwork and working together, especially on a seesaw. Wait, Bobby! Nooo!

I suppose that’s one way to show support for your team…

Sometimes, you just gotta let go and live life to the fullest. Wow, what a ride!

 

 

The most excited and flabbergasted baby you’ve ever seen. How on earth do those duckies do that?!

 

Animal-Themed GIFs

It’s hard to beat a good animal GIF. Here are some great ones we’ve found around the internet.

The Chipmunk that conquered the world, this little guy’s awesome turnaround and eye stare – especially when paired with dramatic music – has made millions of people laugh around the world. 

The dog is calmly sitting at a table with a coffee mug in a burning room, and proclaims everything to be fine. This GIF is perfect for when you come across a totally crazy scenario and the person or people involved don’t seem to really understand the gravity of the situation – or are in complete denial about it.

There are cool cats, and then there are cool cats. Check this tabby out just chilling on the Sally Show back in the 90s. Wonder what he was thinking about? Probably fish. Definitely fish.

Make Your Own GIF!

Now that you’ve seen the hilariously powerful effect GIFs can have, especially in social media, now you can take a crack at making your own! Check out the link below, upload your own picture or short video, and voila! Your very own GIF. 

https://imgur.com/vidgif

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