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Fun Recipes to Learn Math and Science!

Cooking Ratios

Have you ever tried cooking from scratch? It can be quite intimidating - until you learn a few of the basic tricks! For example, experienced cooks and bakers know that cooking from scratch usually requires following a set of ratios. These ratios give the right amount of each ingredient to make the dish just right.

According to Shirley Corriher, of Fine Cooking, “In cakes, the protein ingredients, which are the flour and eggs, are the major structure-builders. They’re essentially what holds the cake together. Fat and sugar do the opposite; they actually soften the cake’s structure, providing tenderness and moisture. If you have too much structure, the cake will be tough and dry. If you add too much of the moistening, softening fats and sugars, the cake might not set, and could be soupy.

To illustrate, for cakes the ratios would be perfect like this, while several other dishes rely upon ratios like this.

To start with, beginners should have success in making the 1-2-3-4 cake explained by Brianna Riddock. The 1-2-3-4 cake is an ideal example of following ratios of ingredients to create your perfect cake. It’s a basic yellow cake which can be made for almost any occasion, and generally breaks down to:

  • 1 cup butter
  • 2 cups sugar
  • 3 cups flour
  • 4 eggs

To this, you’ll want to add vanilla extract, milk, and baking powder. See amounts below.

Here are the steps and ingredients:

1-2-3-4 Cake

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup salted butter, softened (2 sticks)
  • 2 cups granulated sugar
  • 4 large eggs, at room temperature
  • 3 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 tablespoon baking powder
  • 1 cup milk
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

How to Make It:

Step 1: Preheat oven to 350°. Coat 2 (8x8) baking pans with baking spray and dust with a thin layer of flour.

Step 2: In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a whisk attachment, beat the softened butter at medium speed, gradually adding sugar until the mixture is light and fluffy, about 4-5 minutes. Mix eggs, one at a time, into the butter mixture.

Step 3: In a separate bowl, sift together the flour and baking powder. Add the flour mixture to the butter mixture, about one cup at a time, adding in milk after each cup; mix until just combined. Mix in vanilla extract.

Step 4: Divide the batter evenly between 2 (8x8-inch) square baking pans and bake for 40 minutes or until a toothpick inserted into the center of the cake comes out clean. Allow the cake to cool 20 minutes before serving.

The Science of Fermentation

Fermenting foods involves both encouraging the growth of favorable micro-organisms while preventing the growth of those that lead to spoilage. This is done when making a wide variety of foods from wine and bread to pickles and cheese.

For bread, yeasts (single-celled organisms) are added to the dough, which feed off sugars and break them into carbon dioxide, resulting in the dough rising. In some breads, alcohol helps bread rise, and in others, baking soda serves as a leavening agent.

Here are a couple of simple bread recipes to make with your kiddos, each using a different leavening agent. For an intro to the material, Raddish Kids has a printable section followed by ideas for science, history, and language arts lessons on Irish soda bread, leaveners, etc. - and here’s a video on the subject. Feel free to create and fill in with your own creative educational ideas on the recipes below!

Beer Bread

This beer bread recipe is super easy with just 6 ingredients:

  • 3 cups flour
  • 3 teaspoons baking powder
  • 2 Tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 12 oz. can of beer
  • 2 Tablespoons melted butter

Prep: Grease a loaf pan with nonstick cooking spray or melted butter and preheat the oven.

Mix. Grab a large mixing bowl and combine everything but the melted butter. The batter is made from the first 5 ingredients, poured into the prepared pan and the butter is melted and drizzled on top which creates a crunchy crust. For a softer crust, you can mix the melted butter in with the batter. Personally, I am a fan of the crunchy texture!

Bake. It takes about 50 minutes or so to bake, but with variances in ovens you want to check it at 45 minutes or bake up to an hour. You’ll know it’s done when the top is golden brown and the sides pull away from the pan. The toothpick test is always a giveaway – just insert one into the center of the loaf and if all you get are moist crumbs, it’s ready!

Banana Bread

If you’ve got any over-ripe bananas around (at least 3 or 4), you can throw an easy batch of banana bread together for breakfast, snacks, or dessert. If you’re pressed for time, grease up 12 muffin cups instead and reduce your cooking time to 15 minutes - you’ll have easy grab-and-go banana muffins instead of a loaf of bread. Either way, banana bread is a fragrant, tasty treat you can enjoy anytime!

Here’s an easy peasy recipe from Allison at Celebrating Sweets:

Ingredients:

  • 1/2 cup unsalted butter melted and cooled slightly
  • 2/3 cup light brown sugar, lightly packed make sure it is fresh and soft
  • 2 large eggs
  • 2 cups mashed very ripe bananas - about 3-4 bananas
  • 2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract
  • 1 3/4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 - 1/3 cup brown sugar (or more, if desired) for topping

Instructions

  1. Preheat oven to 350°F.
  2. In a large bowl, whisk melted butter and 2/3 cup brown sugar until well combined, about 1 minute. Add eggs, mashed banana, and vanilla, whisking until combined.
  3. In a separate bowl, combine the flour, baking soda, and salt. Add dry ingredients to the wet ingredients, using a rubber spatula, lightly stir the batter until no streaks of flour remain. Be careful not to over mix.
  4. Grease a 9x9 square baking pan and add the batter to the pan. Smooth into an even layer. Sprinkle the top of the batter with 1/4 cup (or more) brown sugar. Bake for 20-25 minutes, rotating once during the bake time. The bread is done when a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean. Place on a wire rack to cool.

Pan sizes: The recipe instructions are for a 9x9 square pan, but you can also use the following:

  • Muffins: Divide batter between 12 greased muffin cups, adjust bake time to about 15 minutes (or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean).
  • 8x8 square: Adjust bake time to 35-45 minutes (or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean).
  • Loaf pan (9x5): Adjust bake time to 45-55 minutes (or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean).

Learning Fractions and Measurements through Basic Cooking

For students learning their fractions, cooking can be a beginner math lesson. Start by looking over all the mixing and measuring tools (spoons, cups, and pitchers or bowls) to see which measurements are displayed on the side. Then let the kiddos scoop and pour the various measurements in (to avoid wasting too much, just do one ingredient a time in a large mixing bowl) to begin to understand how fractions work in cooking.

Homeschool Scientist has free printables on the subject for anyone interested in using worksheets as a backup for this lesson.

Here’s a fun video to get you started: Math in the Kitchen

No Bake Chocolate Cookies

Worried about the utility bill during quarantine time? Skip the stove completely with this easy no bake cookie recipe:

Ingredients:

  • 1¾ cups granulated sugar
  • 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder
  • ½ cup milk
  • 8 tablespoons butter cut into large pieces
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • ¼ teaspoon salt
  • ½ cup creamy peanut butter
  • 3 cups quick-cooking oats

Instructions:

  • Add your sugar and cocoa powder to a medium heavy-bottomed saucepan. Whisk until thoroughly mixed.
  • Add milk and butter and cook over medium-high heat. Bring to a rolling boil and boil for 1 minute.
  • Remove from heat and stir in the vanilla, salt, peanut butter, and oats.
  • Drop cookies by tablespoons onto parchment paper.
  • Allow to dry for about 10-15 minutes until the no bake cookies have become firm.

Make lunch together and observe simple math and fractions in the preparation. This mouth-watering French bread pizza recipe is easy enough for kids to do with adult supervision. (You may need to do the cutting for them, depending upon the ages.) Here is a video of the New Sky Kids making French bread pizza, to give your kiddos an idea of what they need to accomplish with this recipe.

French Bread Pizza

Ingredients:

  • One loaf of French Bread
  • Pizza Sauce (can substitute any sauce)
  • Italian Seasoning (optional, but will add nice Italian flavor)
  • Pepperoni (can substitute veggies or your favorite meat)
  • Mozzarella Cheese
  • Garlic Clove (optional)

Ingredients:

An Easy Starting Recipe for the Littles to Help

Dump Cake

Ingredients:

  • 28 ounces cherry pie filling (1 large can)
  • 15 ounces crushed pineapple (1 can)
  • 18 ounces box yellow cake mix
  • 12 Tablespoons butter

Instructions:

  1. Preheat the oven to 350°F.
  2. Pour the crushed pineapple into the bottom of the pan. Then top with the cherry pie filling.
  3. Dump the cake mix over the fruit. Then slice the butter into thin pieces over the top. Top with nuts if desired.
  4. Bake for 35-40 minutes or until golden brown and bubbly.
  5. Serve with vanilla ice cream or whipped cream if desired.

Pistachio Date Truffles

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